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Syrian Arab Republic

Sexual violence has continued to be systematically used as a tactic of warfare and torture in Syria since 2011. The UN and other organisations have documented systematic sexual torture of men and boys in detention centres by state and pro-government forces. In addition, since mid-2014, there has been a significant increase in the number of reported cases of sexual violence perpetrated by armed groups, in particular Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).