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The Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission of Kenya (2008-2012) reported extensively on sexual violence directed at both men and boys. The Commission’s final report notes that sexual violence is said to have been one of methods employed by the British colonial government. It continued after independence and intensified during the post-election crisis of 2007-2008 with reports of rape, genital mutilations, penile amputations, and crude circumcisions of Luo men and boys.