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Former Yugoslavia

The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) established in May 1993 investigated war crimes that took place during the conflicts in the Balkans in the 1990’s. The ICTY was the first international war crimes tribunal to examine cases involving charges of sexual violence. Sexual violence against men took place primarily in places of detention and involved forced nudity, penile mutilation, castration, electric shocks, forced sexual intercourse between men and prisoners forced to bite another prisoner’s genitals. The ICTY was ground-breaking and precedent-setting for the first-ever trial for sexual violence against men (Dusko Tadic) and the qualification of rape as a form of torture (Mucic et al).